Creating Meta Services
A meta-service is a virtual service providing the aggregation of metrics from different services via a mathematical operation. Meta-services are managed in the same way as a service i.e. they have thresholds, a notification process, generate a performance graph, etc.
E.g.: It is possible to determine the total consumption of WAN traffic by adding together, within a meta-service, all the services supervising the WAN traffic individually.
Types of computing
Several types of calculation are possible on the metrics retrieved:
- Average: calculate the average of the performance data
- Sum: calculate the sum of the performance data
- Min: retrieve the minimum of all the performance data
- Max: retrieve the maximum of all the performance data
Types of data sources
The result of the calculation is an item of performance data (metric) which generates a performance graph. To trace the result most effectively, it is necessary to select the type of data source (GAUGE by default).
The types of data sources available are:
- The GAUGE type records an instantaneous value (temperature, humidity, processor, etc.)
- The COUNTER type records an incremental value in relation to the previous result
- The DRIFT type stores the derivative of the line from the last to the current value of the data. This can be useful for capacities, for example for measuring the rate of people entering or leaving a room.
- The ABSOLUTE type is for counters which reset on reading. It is used for fast counters that have a tendency to over-run.
More information on the RRDTools website.
To add a meta-service:
Go into the menu: Configuration > Services > Meta Services and click on Add
- The Meta Service Name field corresponds to the name of the meta-service Displayed in the interface.
- The Output format string (printf-style) field corresponds to the output message (‘output’) visible in Centreon. The “%d” value corresponds to the value calculated by the meta-service
- The Warning level and Critical level correspond to the “WARNING” and “CRITICAL” thresholds of the meta-service respectively.
- The Calculation Type and Data source Type fields correspond to the calculations and to the description of the data source respectively
- The Selection Mode field serves to select the services containing the metrics that will be used in the meta-service calculation.
If the Service list selection mode is selected the metrics chosen will be obtained from services selected manually.
If the SQL matching selection mode is selected the services used will be selected automatically by Centreon via a search based on the LIKE type SQL expression to be searched field. The metric to be used in this case will be selected from the Metric drop down list.
More information on PRINTF formatting.
Meta Service status
- The Check Period field defines the time period during which the scheduler checks the status of the meta-service.
- The Max Check Attempts field defines the number of checks to be made before confirming the status of the meta-service: when the status is valid a notification is sent.
- The Normal Check Interval field is expressed in minutes. It defines the interval between checks when the status of the meta-service is OK.
- The Retry Check Interval field is expressed in minutes. It defines the checking interval of the Not-OK status of the meta-service.
- The Notification Enabled field serves to enable the notifications.
- The Linked Contacts Groups list serves to define the groups of contacts that will be alerted.
- The Notification Interval field is expressed in minutes and can be used to define the time interval between the sending of two notifications.
- The Notification Period field can be used define the period of notification.
- The Notification Type field defines the types of notification sent.
- The Graphic Template list defines the graphic model used by this meta-service.
- The Status and Comments fields serve to enable / disable or comment on the meta-service.
Select services manually
If you have chosen the option Service list, in the screen containing all the meta-services:
- Click on the following icon to select the metrics entering into the calculation of the meta-service. These metrics are called indicators.
- Click on Add
- The Host field serves to select the host to which the service to be selected belongs.
- The Service field serves to choose the service (first list) as well as the metric in this service (second list).
- The Status and Comment fields serve to enable / disable or comment on the indicator.
- Repeat the operation until you have added all the indicators necessary for the calculation of the meta-service.
A meta-service should be considered as a regular service. It is necessary to generate the configuration of the central scheduler, to export it and then restart the scheduler.