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Version: ⭐ 24.04

Monitor your first Linux host

Monitoring a Linux server with SNMP​

In this tutorial, we're assuming that your Centreon platform is installed and running well, and that you have at least a Centreon IT 100 Edition that provides Centreon Monitoring Connectors (your license is already set up).

Your Linux server will be monitored using the Linux SNMP Monitoring Connector. (More about Monitoring Connectors here).

Prerequisites​

On the Linux server you want to monitor​

The first step is to activate and configure an SNMP agent on your monitored host. Please refer to the documentation of your Linux distribution to find out how to configure the SNMP agent.

Find below a minimalist snmpd.conf/net-snmp configuration file:

  • replace the agentaddress line with the appropriate address of the interface snmpd listens on
  • replace my-snmp-community with the correct value for your environment.
  • Add the line view centreon included .1.3.6.1 to have access to all information in the MIB required by the plugin
agentaddress 0.0.0.0,[::]

# sec.name source community
com2sec notConfigUser default my-snmp-community

####
# Second, map the security name into a group name:

# groupName securityModel securityName
group notConfigGroup v1 notConfigUser
group notConfigGroup v2c notConfigUser

####
# Third, create a view for us to let the group have rights to:

# Make at least snmpwalk -v 1 localhost -c public system fast again.
# name incl/excl subtree mask(optional)
view centreon included .1.3.6.1
view systemview included .1.3.6.1.2.1.1
view systemview included .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.1

####
# Finally, grant the group read-only access to the systemview view.

# group context sec.model sec.level prefix read write notif
access notConfigGroup "" any noauth exact centreon none none
access notConfigGroup "" any noauth exact systemview none none

The SNMP server must be restarted each time the configuration is modified. Also make sure the SNMP server is configured to automatically start on boot. Use the following commands for recent distributions:

systemctl restart snmpd
systemctl enable snmpd

The target server must be reachable from the Centreon Poller on the UDP/161 SNMP port.

On the poller​

Connect to your poller using SSH and install the Linux SNMP plugin (see the monitoring procedure for the Linux SNMP Monitoring Connector for more information):

dnf install centreon-plugin-Operatingsystems-Linux-Snmp

On the central server​

In the web interface, go to Configuration > Monitoring Connector Manager and install the Linux SNMP Monitoring Connector:

image

Configure the host and deploy the configuration​

  1. Go to Configuration > Hosts > Hosts and click Add:

    image

  2. Input the following information:

    • The name of the server (1)
    • A description of the server (2)
    • Its IP address (3)
    • The SNMP version and community (4)
    • Select the poller that will monitor your Linux server (keep "Central" if you have no other poller) (5)
  3. Click + Add a new entry in the Templates field (6), then select the OS-Linux-SNMP-custom template (7) from the list:

    image

  4. Click Save(8). Your device has been added to the list of hosts:

    image

  5. Go to Configuration > Services > Services by host. A set of indicators has been created automatically.

    image

    You can also use the shortcut beside the host's name to go directly to Configuration > Services > Services by host. The list will be filtered by host name:

    image

    image

  6. Deploy the configuration.

  7. Go to Monitoring > Resources Status and select All from the Resource status filter. At first, the resources appear with the status Pending, which means that no checks have been executed yet:

    image

    After a few minutes, the first results of the monitoring appear:

    image

    If not all services are in an OK state, check what is causing the error and fix the problem.