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HashiCorp Vault Rest API

Hashicorp Vault is a tool for securely accessing secrets. A secret is anything that you want to tightly control access to, such as API keys, passwords or certificates. Vault provides a unified interface to any secret, while providing tight access control and recording a detailed audit log.

Pack assets

Templates

The Monitoring Connector HashiCorp Vault Rest API brings a host template:

  • App-HashiCorp-Vault-Restapi-custom

The connector brings the following service templates (sorted by the host template they are attached to):

Service AliasService TemplateService Description
HealthApp-HashiCorp-Vault-Health-Restapi-customCheck HashiCorp Vault health
Raft-StorageApp-HashiCorp-Vault-Raft-Storage-Restapi-customCheck HashiCorp Vault Raft Storage statistics

The services listed above are created automatically when the App-HashiCorp-Vault-Restapi-custom host template is used.

Collected metrics & status

Here is the list of services for this connector, detailing all metrics linked to each service.

Metric nameUnit
vault_cluster#seal-statusN/A
vault_cluster#init-statusN/A

Prerequisites

The Centreon Poller must be allowed to connect and to authenticate against the HashiCorp Vault resource. The credentials used to authenticate must be part of a Vault policy allowing to read the /sys/ path.

The following authentication methods are supported:

  • token (default method)
  • userpass
  • azure
  • cert
  • github
  • ldap
  • okta
  • radius

Depending of the chosen method, you will have to set the related parts of information in the EXTRAOPTIONS Host Macro. Please refer to the Plugin help for more details (by adding the --help parameter when executing the command). All the options needed for each authentication method can be found on the official Vault documentation https://www.vaultproject.io/api-docs/auth .

Installing the monitoring connector

Pack

  1. If the platform uses an online license, you can skip the package installation instruction below as it is not required to have the connector displayed within the Configuration > Monitoring Connector Manager menu. If the platform uses an offline license, install the package on the central server with the command corresponding to the operating system's package manager:
dnf install centreon-pack-applications-hashicorp-vault-restapi
  1. Whatever the license type (online or offline), install the HashiCorp Vault Rest API connector through the Configuration > Monitoring Connector Manager menu.

Plugin

Since Centreon 22.04, you can benefit from the 'Automatic plugin installation' feature. When this feature is enabled, you can skip the installation part below.

You still have to manually install the plugin on the poller(s) when:

  • Automatic plugin installation is turned off
  • You want to run a discovery job from a poller that doesn't monitor any resource of this kind yet

More information in the Installing the plugin section.

Use the commands below according to your operating system's package manager:

dnf install centreon-plugin-Applications-HashiCorp-Vault-Restapi

Using the monitoring connector

Using a host template provided by the connector

  1. Log into Centreon and add a new host through Configuration > Hosts.
  2. Fill in the Name, Alias & IP Address/DNS fields according to your resource's settings.
  3. Apply the App-HashiCorp-Vault-Restapi-custom template to the host. A list of macros appears. Macros allow you to define how the connector will connect to the resource, and to customize the connector's behavior.
  4. Fill in the macros you want. Some macros are mandatory.
MacroDescriptionDefault valueMandatory
VAULTTOKENSpecify the Vault access token (only for the 'token' authentication method)X
VAULTAPIPROTOCOLSpecify https if needed (default: 'http')http
VAULTAPIPORTPort used (default: 8200)8200
VAULTAPIAUTHMETHODSpecify the Vault authentication method (default: 'token'). Can be: 'azure', 'cert', 'github', 'ldap', 'okta', 'radius', 'userpass', 'token' If different from 'token' the "--auth-settings" options must be settoken
VAULTAPIAUTHPATHSpecify an authentication path for 'userpass'. Is an optional setting. More information here: https://developer.hashicorp.com/vault/docs/auth/userpass#configuration
VAULTAPIVERSIONSpecify the Vault API version (default: 'v1')v1
EXTRAOPTIONSAny extra option you may want to add to every command (a --verbose flag for example). All options are listed here.
  1. Deploy the configuration. The host appears in the list of hosts, and on the Resources Status page. The command that is sent by the connector is displayed in the details panel of the host: it shows the values of the macros.

Using a service template provided by the connector

  1. If you have used a host template and checked Create Services linked to the Template too, the services linked to the template have been created automatically, using the corresponding service templates. Otherwise, create manually the services you want and apply a service template to them.
  2. Fill in the macros you want (e.g. to change the thresholds for the alerts). Some macros are mandatory (see the table below).
MacroDescriptionDefault valueMandatory
CRITICALINITSTATUSSet critical threshold for initialization status (default: '%{init} ne "initialized"')%{init} ne "initialized"
WARNINGINITSTATUSSet warning threshold for initialization status (default: none)
CRITICALSEALSTATUSSet critical threshold for seal status (default: '%{sealed} ne "unsealed"')%{sealed} ne "unsealed"
WARNINGSEALSTATUSSet warning threshold for seal status (default: none)
EXTRAOPTIONSAny extra option you may want to add to the command (a --verbose flag for example). All options are listed here.--verbose
  1. Deploy the configuration. The service appears in the list of services, and on the Resources Status page. The command that is sent by the connector is displayed in the details panel of the service: it shows the values of the macros.

How to check in the CLI that the configuration is OK and what are the main options for?

Once the plugin is installed, log into your Centreon poller's CLI using the centreon-engine user account (su - centreon-engine). Test that the connector is able to monitor a resource using a command like this one (replace the sample values by yours):

/usr/lib/centreon/plugins/centreon_hashicorp_vault_restapi.pl \
--plugin=apps::hashicorp::vault::restapi::plugin \
--mode=raft-storage \
--hostname='10.0.0.1' \
--port='8200' \
--proto='http' \
--api-version='v1' \
--auth-method='token' \
--vault-token='xxxxx' \
--warning-commit-time='' \
--critical-commit-time='' \
--warning-spill-time='' \
--critical-spill-time='' \
--warning-rebalance-time='' \
--critical-rebalance-time='' \
--warning-write-time='' \
--critical-write-time='' \
--verbose

The expected command output is shown below:

OK: commit time : 35 All Bolt Databases are ok | 'commit-time'=35ms;;;0;'*boltdb*#vault.raftstorage.spilltime.seconds'=ms;;;0;'*boltdb*#vault.raftstorage.rebalance_time.seconds'=ms;;;0;'*boltdb*#vault.raftstorage.write_time.seconds'=ms;;;0;

Troubleshooting

Please find the troubleshooting documentation for the API-based plugins in this chapter.

Available modes

In most cases, a mode corresponds to a service template. The mode appears in the execution command for the connector. In the Centreon interface, you don't need to specify a mode explicitly: its use is implied when you apply a service template. However, you will need to specify the correct mode for the template if you want to test the execution command for the connector in your terminal.

All available modes can be displayed by adding the --list-mode parameter to the command:

/usr/lib/centreon/plugins/centreon_hashicorp_vault_restapi.pl \
--plugin=apps::hashicorp::vault::restapi::plugin \
--list-mode

The plugin brings the following modes:

ModeLinked service template
health [code]App-HashiCorp-Vault-Health-Restapi-custom
raft-storage [code]App-HashiCorp-Vault-Raft-Storage-Restapi-custom

Available options

Generic options

All generic options are listed here:

OptionDescription
--modeDefine the mode in which you want the plugin to be executed (see--list-mode).
--dyn-modeSpecify a mode with the module's path (advanced).
--list-modeList all available modes.
--mode-versionCheck minimal version of mode. If not, unknown error.
--versionReturn the version of the plugin.
--custommodeWhen a plugin offers several ways (CLI, library, etc.) to get information the desired one must be defined with this option.
--list-custommodeList all available custom modes.
--multipleMultiple custom mode objects. This may be required by some specific modes (advanced).
--pass-managerDefine the password manager you want to use. Supported managers are: environment, file, keepass, hashicorpvault and teampass.
--verboseDisplay extended status information (long output).
--debugDisplay debug messages.
--filter-perfdataFilter perfdata that match the regexp. Example: adding --filter-perfdata='avg' will remove all metrics that do not contain 'avg' from performance data.
--filter-perfdata-advFilter perfdata based on a "if" condition using the following variables: label, value, unit, warning, critical, min, max. Variables must be written either %{variable} or %(variable). Example: adding --filter-perfdata-adv='not (%(value) == 0 and %(max) eq "")' will remove all metrics whose value equals 0 and that don't have a maximum value.
--explode-perfdata-maxCreate a new metric for each metric that comes with a maximum limit. The new metric will be named identically with a '_max' suffix). Example: it will split 'used_prct'=26.93%;0:80;0:90;0;100 into 'used_prct'=26.93%;0:80;0:90;0;100 'used_prct_max'=100%;;;;
--change-perfdata --extend-perfdataChange or extend perfdata. Syntax: --extend-perfdata=searchlabel,newlabel,target[,[newuom],[min],[m ax]] Common examples: Convert storage free perfdata into used: --change-perfdata='free,used,invert()' Convert storage free perfdata into used: --change-perfdata='used,free,invert()' Scale traffic values automatically: --change-perfdata='traffic,,scale(auto)' Scale traffic values in Mbps: --change-perfdata='traffic_in,,scale(Mbps),mbps' Change traffic values in percent: --change-perfdata='traffic_in,,percent()'
--extend-perfdata-groupAdd new aggregated metrics (min, max, average or sum) for groups of metrics defined by a regex match on the metrics' names. Syntax: --extend-perfdata-group=regex,namesofnewmetrics,calculation[,[ne wuom],[min],[max]] regex: regular expression namesofnewmetrics: how the new metrics' names are composed (can use $1, $2... for groups defined by () in regex). calculation: how the values of the new metrics should be calculated newuom (optional): unit of measure for the new metrics min (optional): lowest value the metrics can reach max (optional): highest value the metrics can reach Common examples: Sum wrong packets from all interfaces (with interface need --units-errors=absolute): --extend-perfdata-group=',packets_wrong,sum(packets_(discard |error)_(in|out))' Sum traffic by interface: --extend-perfdata-group='traffic_in_(.*),traffic_$1,sum(traf fic_(in|out)_$1)'
--change-short-output --change-long-outputModify the short/long output that is returned by the plugin. Syntax: --change-short-output=pattern~replacement~modifier Most commonly used modifiers are i (case insensitive) and g (replace all occurrences). Example: adding --change-short-output='OK~Up~gi' will replace all occurrences of 'OK', 'ok', 'Ok' or 'oK' with 'Up'
--change-exitReplace an exit code with one of your choice. Example: adding --change-exit=unknown=critical will result in a CRITICAL state instead of an UNKNOWN state.
--range-perfdataRewrite the ranges displayed in the perfdata. Accepted values: 0: nothing is changed. 1: if the lower value of the range is equal to 0, it is removed. 2: remove the thresholds from the perfdata.
--filter-uomMask the units when they don't match the given regular expression.
--opt-exitReplace the exit code in case of an execution error (i.e. wrong option provided, SSH connection refused, timeout, etc). Default: unknown.
--output-ignore-perfdataRemove all the metrics from the service. The service will still have a status and an output.
--output-ignore-labelRemove the status label ("OK:", "WARNING:", "UNKNOWN:", CRITICAL:") from the beginning of the output. Example: 'OK: Ram Total:...' will become 'Ram Total:...'
--output-xmlReturn the output in XML format (to send to an XML API).
--output-jsonReturn the output in JSON format (to send to a JSON API).
--output-openmetricsReturn the output in OpenMetrics format (to send to a tool expecting this format).
--output-fileWrite output in file (can be combined with json, xml and openmetrics options). E.g.: --output-file=/tmp/output.txt will write the output in /tmp/output.txt.
--disco-formatApplies only to modes beginning with 'list-'. Returns the list of available macros to configure a service discovery rule (formatted in XML).
--disco-showApplies only to modes beginning with 'list-'. Returns the list of discovered objects (formatted in XML) for service discovery.
--float-precisionDefine the float precision for thresholds (default: 8).
--source-encodingDefine the character encoding of the response sent by the monitored resource Default: 'UTF-8'. HashiCorp Vault Rest API
--hostnameHashiCorp Vault hostname.
--portPort used (default: 8200)
--protoSpecify https if needed (default: 'http')
--api-versionSpecify the Vault API version (default: 'v1')
--vault-tokenSpecify the Vault access token (only for the 'token' authentication method)
--auth-methodSpecify the Vault authentication method (default: 'token'). Can be: 'azure', 'cert', 'github', 'ldap', 'okta', 'radius', 'userpass', 'token' If different from 'token' the "--auth-settings" options must be set.
--auth-settingsSpecify the Vault authentication specific settings. Syntax: --auth-settings='\<setting>=\<value>'.Example for the 'userpass' method: --auth-method='userpass' --auth-settings='username=my_account' --auth-settings='password=my_password'
--auth-pathAuthentication path for 'userpass'. Is an optional setting. More information here: https://developer.hashicorp.com/vault/docs/auth/userpass#configu ration
--timeoutSet timeout in seconds (default: 10).
--http-peer-addrSet the address you want to connect to. Useful if hostname is only a vhost, to avoid IP resolution.
--proxyurlProxy URL. Example: http://my.proxy:3128
--proxypacProxy pac file (can be a URL or a local file).
--insecureAccept insecure SSL connections.
--http-backendPerl library to use for HTTP transactions. Possible values are: lwp (default) and curl.
--ssl-optSet SSL Options (--ssl-opt="SSL_version => TLSv1" --ssl-opt="SSL_verify_mode => SSL_VERIFY_NONE").
--curl-optSet CURL Options (--curl-opt="CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER => 0" --curl-opt="CURLOPT_SSLVERSION => CURL_SSLVERSION_TLSv1_1" ).
--memcachedMemcached server to use (only one server).
--redis-serverRedis server to use (only one server). Syntax: address[:port]
--redis-attributeSet Redis Options (--redis-attribute="cnx_timeout=5").
--redis-dbSet Redis database index.
--failback-fileFailback on a local file if Redis connection fails.
--memexpirationTime to keep data in seconds (default: 86400).
--statefile-dirDefine the cache directory (default: '/var/lib/centreon/centplugins').
--statefile-suffixDefine a suffix to customize the statefile name (default: '').
--statefile-concat-cwdIf used with the '--statefile-dir' option, the latter's value will be used as a sub-directory of the current working directory. Useful on Windows when the plugin is compiled, as the file system and permissions are different from Linux.
--statefile-formatDefine the format used to store the cache. Available formats: 'dumper', 'storable', 'json' (default).
--statefile-keyDefine the key to encrypt/decrypt the cache.
--statefile-cipherDefine the cipher algorithm to encrypt the cache (default: 'AES').

Modes options

All available options for each service template are listed below:

OptionDescription
--warning-seal-statusSet warning threshold for seal status (default: none).
--critical-seal-statusSet critical threshold for seal status (default: '%{sealed} ne "unsealed"').
--warning-init-statusSet warning threshold for initialization status (default: none).
--critical-init-statusSet critical threshold for initialization status (default: '%{init} ne "initialized"').

All available options for a given mode can be displayed by adding the --help parameter to the command:

/usr/lib/centreon/plugins/centreon_hashicorp_vault_restapi.pl \
--plugin=apps::hashicorp::vault::restapi::plugin \
--mode=raft-storage \
--help